Statistical Study About The Causes Of Caesarian Section Deliveries In Al-Hindia City
Najat Hamza Hassan 1
1 Department of Community Health, Karbala Technical Institute, Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University, Iraq.
Objectives: To identify the causes contributing to the cesarean section in Al-Hindia city by collecting statistical data and finding the relationship between the causes of caesarean section and some variables.
Methods: A statistical study was undertaken of the clinical records of (1156 ) mother who delivered in Al-Hindia Teaching Hospital in Al-Hindia City, Karbala, between January 2016 and December 2017. Some variables related to mother and newborn body weight were studied to determine their relationship with the causes of cesarean delivery to understand the possible causes to increase the cesarean delivery rate, Data analysis was performed using the spss software to extract duplicates, percentage, mean, standard deviation and correlation coefficient.
Results: 84.5 % of mothers were (20-34) years old, 44.5% had a secondary school, the majority 61.6% of the mothers were housewives. 34.4 % had 41 weeks of gestational age and 32.2% had no previous deliveries. the highest percentage of cesarean section during the months of the year was in October (126) 11%. The mean for the total of the cesarean section frequencies was 96.33. One of the main causes of cesarean section is dilation problems (194) 16.8% followed by fetal distress (185) 16% and cephalopelvic disproportion. Maternal age, gestational age, parity and newborn body weight have a high significance, while there is no significant indication at p<0.05 of the level of education and occupation with the causes of the cesarean section.
Conclusion: The study concluded that some women may require caesarean section to avoid the risk normal birth. caesarean deliveries are increased due to increased causes. Pregnant women should be encouraged to obtain health care before and during pregnancy to reduce the risk of pregnancy and childbirth.