Roullete (the French word for wheel) is a casino game in which players place chips on a betting mat, the precise placement of each chip indicating the bet being made. A small ball is then spun around a spinning wheel, and the number where the ball comes to rest determines the winner. There are a variety of different bets that can be placed on the table, each with their own odds and payouts. The house edge of roulette is relatively high, but it can be minimized by knowing which bet types have the best chances of success.
There are several versions of roulette, but the most popular at online and physical casinos is European roulette. This variant features a single zero pocket, which dramatically lowers the house edge to a coveted 1.35%. The dealer also applies a rule called ‘La Partage’ to even money bets, which returns half of the player’s stake if the ball lands on zero.
A traditional roulette wheel consists of a solid wooden disk slightly convex in shape. Its rim is lined with metal partitions known as separators or frets, and the compartments between them are numbered nonconsecutively from 1 to 36. A 37th compartment, painted green on European wheels and black on American ones, carries the sign ‘zero’.
Before a round begins, the dealer clears the betting area of any chips left over from the previous game and then places a ball in a small bowl on the edge of the table. The wheel is then spun and the ball is rolled around it, landing in one of the compartments. Once the ball has landed, the dealer announces the winning number and collects all losing bets as the casino’s income, then pays out the winners.
There are many myths surrounding the origin of roulette, but it is generally agreed that the game was derived from older games like hoca and portique. It was invented in the late 1700s in Paris and soon became one of the most popular casino games in Europe. It spread across the globe in the 20th century, and nowadays a casino isn’t complete without at least one table.
While there are many strategies that can be applied to roulette, the game is ultimately a matter of chance. Attempting to beat it by using any kind of system is a fool’s errand, as proven by the fact that even the most accomplished mathematicians were never able to develop a winning strategy for it.